Background The purpose of this study is to report clinical characteristics and to investigate the feasibility and safety
of totally laparoscopic hydrocelectomy (TLH) compared to scrotal incision hydrocelectomy with laparoscopic high
ligation (SIH) for pediatric cord hydrocele (CH).
From September 2011 to February 2016, 148 patients underwent SIH, and 342 patients underwent TLH for CH.
In the TLH group, a large hydrocele that could not pass through the internal ring was removed after percutaneous
syringe aspiration. Age, laterality of hydrocele, inguinal comorbidities, operation time, surgical complications,
and recurrences were evaluated.
All the patients had spermatic cord cysts and patent processus vaginalis in proximity to hydrocele
(mixed type). The mean age of CH patients was 34.1 ± 22.1 months. CHs are more common on the right
side (61.0%) than on the left (35.7%). Bilaterality occurred in 3.3%. Comorbidities such as hernia (8.6%)
and cryptorchidism (1.2%) were observed. There were no complications except for two cases of
wound hematoma in SIH group.
There was one (0.7%) case of recurrence appeared in communicating hydrocele in SIH group.
There were no significant differences in the age, laterality of hydrocele, inguinal comorbidities, operation time,
complications, and recurrences between TLH and SIH groups.However, TLH for unilateral cord hydrocele had significantly
shorter operation time compared to SIH.
The mean operation time in TLH group was 15.6 ± 5.96 min and there was no conversion to open surgery.
TLH for pediatric CH is a feasible and safe procedure without additional incisions.
Therefore, TLH can be one of the surgical options for pediatric CH especially in mixed type.
소아 정삭수종의 치료방법 중 전복강경 수종절제술과 음낭절개 수종절제술 및 복강경 고위결찰술의 비교
논문저자: 이성렬ㆍ변건영ㆍ구범환 (담소유병원)